## Compressing Information

All of us must have heard about ZIP Archives – that helps us compress a file/set of files into a smaller size so that it can be easily attached to emails. Is there any way to represent a topology in terms of a “smaller” collection of sets?

The search for a smaller collection that describes something big – where have we heard it before? You’re right, remember basis in linear algebra?

They helped us represent a very big fields like in using 3 elements in it (namely {(1, 0, 0), (0, 1, 0), (0, 0, 1)}) along with – remember?

Can we do something similar topology we just defined now? Find a smaller collection, which with some magical spell gives us the entire topology?

Let X = {1, 2, 3}. Consider this collection of subsets of X: .

Let’s try taking all possible unions of sets here.

- At first, union of
*no*sets gives us . - Singleton unions gives us {1}, {2, 3}.
- Well, there are only two sets left – let’s take their union: .

Let’s take the collection of all sets we found using magical union:

Interesting! We could generate a topology which is bigger with a smaller collection of sets. Since union is the magic spell we are using, this topology generated by such a collection will be unique, too.